In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization is the maturation of the egg cells produced in the female body with drugs, taking them out of the body with special needles, and fertilization in the laboratory environment with the sperm of the male and placing the developing embryo or embryos into the uterus.

Which Stages Are in the IVF Treatment Process? How Does The Treatment Process Go?

IVF treatment basically consists of four stages. These; stimulation of ovaries with hormonal drugs, collection of maturing eggs, reaching a certain development of embryos and embryo transfer. The process of stimulating the ovaries is usually started with the use of daily needles on the second or third day of the woman’s menstruation. Although this process varies according to the stimulation response of the ovaries, it continues for about 10-12 days. Ultrasonographic examination is performed at intervals of a few days to see the response of the ovaries and dose adjustment, and in some cases, hormone tests are added to these examinations. When the structures in the ovary, called follicles and carrying eggs, reach a certain size, the second stage is passed.

The second stage is the collection of eggs. This process is performed under operating room conditions, usually under anesthesia, and the eggs obtained are taken into the laboratory environment. On the same day, sperm cells are taken from the man. In the third stage, male and female reproductive cells are brought together in the laboratory using various methods to ensure fertilization and the development of the embryos formed is followed. In the fourth stage, developing embryos are placed in the uterus. This process is called “embryo transfer”.

Expectant mothers should not have sexual intercourse, should not smoke, or use any medication without consulting a doctor until the pregnancy test. (Painkillers should not be used unless compulsory.) In this process, expectant mothers; can cook, go up and down stairs, walk. However, activities such as sports, heavy work, heavy lifting should not be done until the pregnancy test result is obtained after embryo transfer.

On the other hand, expectant mothers can go to the toilet and take a bath. The inside of the chamber should not be washed. Because this procedure will cause changes in the normal physiological environment of the vaginal canal, causing infections.

Who Needs IVF Treatment?

In cases where both the uterine canals are blocked in women, there is no sperm in men or their functions are severely impaired, in vitro fertilization is absolutely necessary. In addition, in cases where the number of motile male sperm is below a certain amount, the woman is 38 years old and above, women who have widespread adhesions in the abdomen due to endometriosis and who cannot achieve pregnancy, immunological infertility, other reproductive treatment in cases where pregnancy cannot be achieved with methods, infertility whose reason cannot be explained by tests, in order to obtain a healthy baby by diagnosing some inherited diseases at the embryo stage (with pre-implantation genetic diagnosis methods), in order to select healthy embryos by genetic diagnosis in women with recurrent miscarriages IVF can be applied.

Which Factors Does Success In IVF Treatment Depend On?

Age of the expectant mother: The younger the expectant mother is, the more likely it is to conceive in the IVF method and give birth to a healthy baby by using her own eggs.

Embryo status: Not all embryos can survive during the development process. The decrease observed in the early stage in terms of the parameters specified in the embryo quality causes the delay of the advanced stage development or the poor continuation of the development.

Giving birth before: Women who have given birth before are more likely to get pregnant using IVF than expectant mothers who have never given birth.

Infertility cause: Having a normal egg supply increases your chances of getting pregnant using IVF. Women with severe endometriosis are less likely to conceive using IVF than women with unexplained infertility.

Lifestyle: Smoking mothers receive fewer eggs during IVF treatment and may miscarry more often. Smoking can reduce a woman’s chance of conceiving using IVF by 50%. Obesity can also reduce the chances of getting pregnant and having a baby. In addition to all these, alcohol use, excessive consumption and the use of some drugs may also have a negative effect on IVF treatment.

What Are The Treatment Methods?

⦁ Egg Rejuvenation / PRP Method

⦁ Vaccination (IUI)

⦁ Microinjection

⦁ Egg Freezing

⦁ Embryo Shaving (Assisted Hatching)

⦁ Assisted Budding Method (Asisted Hatching)

⦁ Co-Culture

⦁ Microchip

⦁ Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

⦁ Mitochondria Transfer

For a healthy and quality life, do not neglect to have your check-ups regularly.

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