Eye Health And Diseases(Ophthalmology)

Eye diseases are physical disorders that develop due to environmental or genetic factors and can lead to various vision problems. All kinds of diseases that occur in the eyelids, in the eye membrane, tear ducts, eye lens, or in the nerve tissues surrounding the eye, known as the transparent layer that protect the eye against external influences, are called eye diseases.

What are the symptoms of eye diseases?

Since any problem that occurs in the eyes, which is one of the most important sensory organs of the body, causes regression in vision or stinging, burning and similar complaints in the eye, the symptoms of eye diseases can be easily noticed.

⦁ Heaviness and pain in the eyes,

⦁ The sensation of a foreign body in the eye,

⦁ Tears in the eyes, tears in the form of crying, burr problems,

⦁ Severe eye itching, redness and burning sensation,

⦁ Visual field narrowing and low vision,

⦁ Droopy eyelid and swollen eyelids,

⦁ Looking with the head tilted and squint eyes

Experiencing one or more of such problems may be a warning of eye diseases.

What are the causes of eye diseases?

Eye diseases can develop due to genetic or environmental reasons. The most common causes of eye diseases:

⦁ Working in more or less light that makes vision difficult,

⦁ Eye damage caused by foreign body intrusion into the eye,

⦁ Sinusitis headache, flu, cold and side effects of fever diseases,

⦁ Dry eye problem due to congestion in tear ducts or environmental factors,

⦁ Diseases such as diabetes, heart disease,

⦁ Genetic features (family history of eye disease).

What are the types of eye diseases?

Eye problems have wide ranges that vary between  problems that arise due to the increasing use of television and smart devices with the developing technology and  many congenital eye diseases .

⦁ Glaucoma (Eye Pressure): The structural obstruction that occurs in the channels that expel the intraocular fluid, the inability of the fluid to be drained out in sufficient amount and increases intraocular pressure. Increased eye pressure also causes loss of eye nerves, leading to problems such as blurred vision, severe headache and eye pain.

⦁ Cataract: Cataract, which has a higher incidence in advanced ages and in diabetics, is an eye disease in which the lens of the eye loses its transparency. With the loss of transparency of the eye lens, painless and rapidly progressing vision loss, glare and severe sensitivity to light develop.

⦁ Color Blindness: It is a vision problem that is generally inherited and develops due to the lack of special pigments that enable color discrimination in the visual center or the insufficient amount of pigment. Color blindness usually occurs with the inability to distinguish one or more of the colors red, green, and blue.

⦁ Strabismus: Strabismus problem, which is often congenital or can occur as a result of accidents or febrile diseases, can be defined as an eye problem that prevents both eyes from looking parallel to a point.

⦁ Allergic Conjunctivitis: It can be said that the most common eye diseases in the society develop due to eye allergies. Contact Eye Allergy against drugs and make-up products, Spring Eye Allergy due to hot and dry climate, Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis known as hay fever are among the most common allergic eye diseases.

⦁ Ectropium: It is a common eye problem known as eyelid sagging and inversion of the eyelid that develops in old age due to old age.

How are eye diseases diagnosed?

Observation of symptoms such as blurred vision, severe eye pain, headache, nausea, redness and swelling in the eyes indicates the presence of an eye disease. Correct observation of the symptoms is very important for effective diagnosis and treatment. The correct diagnosis is determined by the tests or examinations performed by the ophthalmologists together with the symptoms. The most commonly used diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of eye diseases:

⦁ Vision loss test,

⦁ Fundus examination performed with a device called a tonometer and measuring intraocular pressure,

⦁ Refraction values of the eye with the drop that is dropped on the pupil and allowing the eye to expand can be listed as retinal examination (visual membrane) and optic nerve (optic nerve) examination.

What are the treatment methods for eye diseases?

Since eye diseases that cause narrowing of the visual field, negatively affect the quality of daily life, it is very important to choose the correct treatment methods. Different treatment methods have been developed for congenital eye disorders and vision problems that occur due to environmental factors. These methods;

Presbyopia Smart Laser Therapy

⦁ Laser Eye Treatment for Myopia and Hyperopia Visual Defects

⦁ Astigmatism Laser Eye Treatment

⦁ Cataract (Smart Lens) and Phaco Method Surgery

⦁ Sensitive Profile Patient Eye Treatment Programs

⦁ Intravitreal Anti-Vegf Application

⦁ Argon Laser Photocoagulation Applications

⦁ Optical Coherence Tomography (Oct) Applications

⦁ Nerve Fiber Analyzer (Nfa) Applications

⦁ Lasik Treatment

⦁ Vitreoretinal Surgery

⦁ Oculoplastic Surgery

⦁ Eyelid Aesthetics (Blepharoplasty)

⦁ Tumor Surgery

⦁ Orbital Surgery

What are the Tests Performed in the Eye Health and Diseases Department?

  • Dry Eye Tests
  • Burning, stinging, itching in the eyes and feeling as if a foreign substance has gotten into the eye are common symptoms of dry eye. Dry eye is a condition that negatively affects eye health and requires the use of artificial tears. By applying dry eye tests to people with such complaints, it can be clearly determined whether the complaints are caused by dryness and the treatment plan is shaped accordingly.
  • Color Vision Tests
  • Cones in the retina layer of the eye enable the eyes to distinguish colors. The insufficiency of these cones to distinguish colors due to congenital reasons means color blindness. Color vision tests developed specifically for the diagnosis of color blindness are used.
  • Computerized Visual Field Test
  • Computed visual field test, which has a very important place in the early diagnosis and treatment of an eye disease called glaucoma, allows measuring the visual field at the edges as well as the focus of the eye and to detect a possible disorder.
  • Eye Pressure Measurement
  • Eye pressure disease, also known as glaucoma, is a serious health problem characterized by intraocular pressure above what it should be. Over time, the disease can lead to serious problems that can lead to damage to the visual nerves and eventual vision loss. Therefore, eye pressure measurement should be performed in patients who apply to ophthalmology clinics with complaints indicating the disease.
  • Corneal Thickness Measurements (Pachymetry)
  • Corneal thickness is a factor that can affect eye pressure. In healthy people, the thickness of the cornea, which should be 500 microns, may cause a false height in eye pressure measurements, and a thinner eye pressure may cause low eye pressure. For this reason, corneal thickness measurements should also be examined in cases where eye pressure measurements are above or below normal.
  • Optical Biometry Measurements
  • Optical biometry devices used to measure the lenses that need to be placed in the eye during cataract operations are of great importance for these operations. At the same time, thanks to the precise and error-free optical biometry measurements made with the help of these devices, patients have the opportunity to be without glasses after surgery.
  • Eye Ultrasonography Measurements
  • Eye ultrasonography is used in many cases related to eye health, especially traumatic problems. By extracting the image of the eye with the help of ultrasonographic sound waves, problems in the parts that cannot be seen from the outside can be easily detected; Also, factors such as the size of the eyeball, corneal thickness and the area covered by vitreous fluid can be evaluated.
  • If you also have health problems that require treatment for your eye health or want to undergo a general examination, you can fill out the Medixcope International Health Services form and apply. In addition, by having your regular eye examination through your Medixcope Health Assistant, you can ensure that possible diseases are detected at an early stage, thus preventing permanent damage to vision.
  • For a healthy and quality life, do not neglect to have your check-ups regularly.
  • “Page content is for informational purposes only. Please contact us for diagnosis and treatment. “